These psukim list a number of tools used for farming.

מַחֲרַשְׁתּוֹ = a plow


אֵתוֹ = The coulter is a round metal disc used to soften a field before plowing

The video below shows a "coulter" in use on a modern tractor

קַרְדֻּמּוֹ = his axe

Below: An image of spear heads and an axe head from the Bronze Age

spear and axe heads from the bronze age

מַחֲרֵשָׁתוֹ= A mattock is a tool which looks like a pickaxe and is used to dig up a field


שְׁלשׁ קִלְּשׁוֹן = three pronged pitchfork

Three pronged pitchfork

דָרְבָן= a goad

A Goad is a pole use for prodding the animals to move. Notice the pointed stick in the image below.

ox goad

וְהָיְתָה הַפְּצִירָה פִים

The Pim was a weight used in ancient times. It is thought to have weighed about two thirds of a silver sheckel.

Accordingly, the posuk is saying that the amount of silver which weighed a Pim was the price for sharpening tools.

Below: A top view of a Pim weight


A side view of the Pim weight

Last modified: Monday, February 20, 2012, 3:42 PM